Everyday you may have spent too much time on your outdoor activities. Do you ever wonder what is called to that ray of light that you feel on your skin? That ray of light that touches your skin is called ultraviolet rays. But do you really know what these are? Ultraviolet rays also known as UV rays are part of the energy coming from the sun which is invisible to the human eye. They are part of the electromagnetic spectrum with visible light and different forms of radiation like microwaves and radio waves. There are three types of invisible UV rays namely UVA, UVB and UVC. Although ultraviolet rays have several positive effects to your body and skin, they are still dangerous due to the fact that the negative effects brought are too alarming. Because of this, a lot of people including you are asking why UV rays are harmful. The following reasons will let you know why.
- UV rays can damage your eye which can lead to cataract or blindness.
- Too much exposure under the sun will break the skin molecules resulting to the development of three main kinds of skin cancer namely basil cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
- UV rays are dangerous from mid morning to late afternoon which can cause serious skin damage. The sun and UV rays can cause damage to your skin as fast as fifteen minutes.
- Ultraviolet rays can make your lips dry which cause breakage.
- UV radiation can cause premature aging by destroying the collagen and connective tissue at the top layer of your skin.
- It penetrates your skin by breaking the skin molecules apart which damages the cells.
- It has a suppressing effect on your immune system.
- It damages synthetic materials, weakens plastics and other consumer items like nylon and polystyrene.
- UV rays change the color of fabrics or paintings as absorbed by many pigments.
- These are some of the brief explanations you can take as answers when you’re being asked why UV rays are harmful.
But ultraviolet rays have positive effects too as stated earlier. It strengthens your bones and teeth at the same time it helps your body in making vitamin D. It helps the nervous and immune systems combat against diseases like cancer and diabetes. UV radiations are used in light therapy to treat psoriasis and vitiligo. It even helps people in sleeping disorders like snoring. Because your skin is so sensitive taking care of it is very essential. Being well informed about why are UV rays harmful can help you take safety measures such as applying a sunscreen lotion before going out which is a good protection. Best of all, regulate your sun exposure to keep your skin healthy.